By the Central Michigan District Health Department

OSCEOLA COUNTY — National Infant Immunization Week is a time to focus on immunizations and remind parents and caregivers to immunize their children in order to protect not only their health, but the health of the entire community.

Parents, providers, schools and the entire community play a role. Immunizations are one of the best ways to protect children against serious diseases. Parents are encouraged to talk with their child’s doctor to ensure that they are up-to-date on immunizations. By being immunized, we can help stop the spread of disease to others who may not be completely immunized, such as the elderly and those with weakened immune systems.

By the time a child reaches his or her second birthday, they should receive the following immunizations to help protect them against multiple diseases:

  • two doses of Hepatitis A
  • three doses of Hepatitis B
  • three doses of Rotavirus
  • four doses of DTaP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis)
  • four doses of Hib (H. Influenza, type B)
  • three doses of Polio
  • one dose of MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)
  • one dose of Varicella (Chickenpox vaccine)
  • four doses of Pneumococcal
  • seasonal Flu (number of doses vary with age – check with your doctor)

Additional doses of some vaccines listed above are needed at 4 to 6 years of age and again at 11 to 12 years of age.

When children receive their immunizations, side effects, if any, are usually mild and can include tiredness, low-grade fever and tenderness at the site where the immunization was given in the arm or leg. Children are more likely to be harmed by vaccine preventable diseases than by receiving immunizations. If children do not receive their immunizations and are diagnosed with these diseases, they could experience fever, chills, breathing problems, heart problems, pneumonia, infections, brain damage, nausea, rashes, hospitalization and even death.

More information on infant/child immunizations can be found at and or call the CMDHD Osceola County branch office at (231) 832-5532 ext. 15.