Freedom of the press was established in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Even before the framers of Constitution put it in writing, one of the major roles of “the press” in this nation was to operate as a check against government overreach and corruption.
“The press;” now more commonly called the “news media,” generally include, but are not restricted to, photographers, journalists, television broadcasters, and radio announcers. In essence, the news media’s role as regards government is to keep tabs on it and inform the public of its activities. If not for the news media, government’s accountability to the voters would be very nearly nonexistent.